Sightseeing

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The Shaolin temple is a Chinese Buddhist monastery famed for its long association with Chan (Japanese: Zen) Buddhism and martial arts, and is perhaps the Buddhist monastery best known in the West. The monastery has been destroyed and rebuilt several times, remaining one of China's oldest Buddhist temples.
Perhaps the most famous name associated with Shaolin is that of Bodhidharma or, in Mandarin, Damo. He is said to have been either a Persian or South Indian monk who travelled to China in the 5th or 6th century to teach Buddhism. Bodhidharma's ministry at Shaolin formed the basis for what would later be called the Zen or, in China, Chn (both terms derive from the Sanskrit term Dhyana , which means meditation) school of Buddhism.
After entering Shaolin, legend states that Bodhidharma found the monks out of shape from lives spent meditating and they often fell asleep during meditation. The story relates that Bodhidharma meditated facing a wall in a nearby cave for nine years. After that time, he introduced a regimen of exercises sometimes thought to have been the 18 hands of lohan or the damo muscle changing classic. Eventually these movements gave rise to martial arts.
Traditionally, the Shaolin monks developed their martial arts expertise as a defense against aggressors' attacks, as a means to promote health, and as a mental and physical discipline.

For more detail, please visit  http://www.shaolin.org.cn/english/

Longmen Grottoes is located on both banks of the Yi River, 13 kilometers south of Luoyang City . Here the two hills stand facing each other and the Yihe River washes its way northward through the gorge. It seems to be a natural gate, historically called ¡°Yique¡±, later in Sui Dynasty renamed ¡°Longmen¡±. The carving work at Longmen began in Northern Wei Dynasty when emperor Xiaowen moved his capital to Luoyang (A.D.493). It lasted more than 400 years. At present there are over 2,300 caves and niches, more than one hundred thousand Buddhist images and over 300,000 characters of inscriptions. The grottoes and niches in the two hills are known at home and abroad for their large numbers, massive scales, variety of subjects, delicate carving and profound meaning. With their original imperial style and the style of central China , the grottoes created during the Northern Wei period and the Tang Dynasty reached the pinnacle of the development of stone carving at that time and differed from grottoes created earlier. The site has been known as the ¡°forest of ancient steles¡± for the biggest number of steles and inscriptions ever seen in any of the grottoes in the world.

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For more detail, please visit  http://www.longmen.com/en/index.html

Yin ruins, the capital city of late Shang dynasty, is the first capital ruins having the historic record and reconfirmed by oracle and archaeological excavations. It is located in the north suburb of Anyang, one of the China's historical and cultural cities, and scattered by the banks of Huan River. Yin ruins has a history over 3300 years. Since 1300 BC emperor Pangeng moved the capital to Yin till the year 1046 BC, here remained as Shang dynasty's center of polictics, economy, military and culture for 255 years.

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For more detail, please visit  http://www.ayyx.com/en/index.htm

Situated in Xiuwu county, Hennan province, Yuntai Mountain is among the first group of world geology park, and it is the only scenic spots combines many names together in Henan province, like national tourist attraction, national AAAA grade scenic spots, national geology park, national forest park, national water conservancy tourist attraction, national macaque protection zone, national first group natural heritage. Covering an are of 190sqm, the scenic spots is composed of many sightseeing places, such as Tanpu Gorge, Quanpu Gorge, Red Stone Gorge, Zifang Lake, Macaque Valley etc.

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For more detail, please visit  http://www.yuntaishan.net/waiwen/e05.htm

The Second International Conference on 
Bio-Inspired Computing: Theories and Applications (BIC-TA 2007)